PA Keystone Exams: Analysis of 2013-14 Publicly-Available Data

Download Publication
Publication Date
June 2015


Pennsylvania’s two-decade experience with standards-based education reform has been marked by an increasing reliance on test-based accountability. This research brief provides education stakeholders with accurate, comprehensive analysis to inform the growing debate about Keystone Exams.


  • Kathleen M. Shaw
  • Michael A. Norton
  • John Sludden
  • Daniel A. Long
  • Marvin Barnes